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Mandarin (Citrus reticulate)

What is Mandarin Orange? Mandarins are thought to have originated in China hence the name mandarin (the form of Chinese language spoken by officials and educated people in China). They then spread east to Japan and the Philippines and west through India, Arabia and North Africa. Mandarins are citrus fruits which are also known as …

Marjoram (Origanum marjorana)

What is Marjoram? Marjoram goes back to a very ancient medical reputation. The Greeks used marjoram extensively, both internally and externally. It was a remedy for narcotic poisons, convulsions and dropsy. It is closely related to Oregano, and has similar properties.  Marjoram is often thought of to address sore muscles, joints, sprains, and back pain as …

Meyer Lemon (Citrus × meyeri)

Meyer Lemon is a citrus fruit native to China thought to be a cross between a lemon and either a mandarin or orange. The lemon was introduced into the United States by Frank Nicholas Meyer who brought a sample of the plant from China and the plant was named in his honor “Meyer Lemon.” It …

Myrrh (Commiphora myrrh)

What is Myrrh? Myrrh has been used for centuries as a medicine by the Chinese and the Egyptians used it for embalming their pharaohs, as well as their sun-worshipping rituals. The Greeks used Myrrh oil to stop bleeding wounds. Myrrh is extracted by steam distillation of the myrrh resin (a natural gum). Aroma Woodsy and …

Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)

What is Nutmeg? Nutmeg is known to have been a prized and costly spice in European medieval cuisine as a flavoring, medicinal and preservative agent. Until the mid-19th century the small island of Banda was the world’s only source of nutmeg and mace. The essential oil obtained by steam distillation of ground nutmeg is widely …