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Balsam Fir

Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)

Balsam fir is a North American fir, native to most of eastern and central Canada (Newfoundland west to central British Columbia) and the northeastern United States (Minnesota east to Maine, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to West Virginia). It is known as Canada balsam and white fir. The tree is very popular for use as …

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balsam of Peru

Balsam of Peru (Myroxylon Pereirae)

Balsam of Peru is derived from the trunk of a tree known as Myroxylon, which is grown in Central America and South America. In the early period of Spanish dominion in Central and South America, the balsam was collected in Central America and shipped to Callao and Lima in Peru, then shipped to Europe. That …

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bergamot oil

Bergamot (Citrus bergamia)

What is Bergamot? Bergamot is native to Southeast Asia and the tree is the result of cross-breeding the lemon tree and the orange tree, which account for its pear-like shape and yellow color. It is a cold-pressed essential oil produced by cells inside the rind of a bergamot orange fruit. Bergamot has been used for …

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Angelica 2

Angelica (Angelica arcangelica)

What is Angelica? The plant is said to originate from Africa and was introduced to Europe in the 16th century. It is considered a native plant of northern and eastern Europe, as well as parts of Asia and the Soviet Union, and is found in Scotland, Holland, Lapland and Germany. In Germany, angelica was historically …

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Basil

Basil (Ocimum basilcum)

What is Basil? Basil is native to India, China, Southeast Asia, and New Guinea. It was originally domesticated in India, having been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years.  Basil has a history of being used for mild nervous disorders and in the form of snuff to alleviate nervous headaches. When the leaves of sweet …

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Pepper

Black Pepper Oil (Piper nigrum)

What is Black Pepper? Black pepper was known in Greece at least as early as the 4th century BCE, though it was probably an uncommon and expensive item that only the very rich could afford. Black pepper, in the early Middle Ages was an item exclusively for the rich but then as time went on …

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