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Balsam Fir

Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)

Balsam fir is a North American fir, native to most of eastern and central Canada (Newfoundland west to central British Columbia) and the northeastern United States (Minnesota east to Maine, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to West Virginia). It is known as Canada balsam and white fir. The tree is very popular for use as …

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balsam of Peru

Balsam of Peru (Myroxylon Pereirae)

Balsam of Peru is derived from the trunk of a tree known as Myroxylon, which is grown in Central America and South America. In the early period of Spanish dominion in Central and South America, the balsam was collected in Central America and shipped to Callao and Lima in Peru, then shipped to Europe. That …

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bergamot oil

Bergamot (Citrus bergamia)

What is Bergamot? Bergamot is native to Southeast Asia and the tree is the result of cross-breeding the lemon tree and the orange tree, which account for its pear-like shape and yellow color. It is a cold-pressed essential oil produced by cells inside the rind of a bergamot orange fruit. Bergamot has been used for …

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bitter orange

Bitter Orange (Citrus × aurantium)

Bitter orange is an evergreen, flowering tree indigenous to the tropical parts of Asia and Africa. This was the only type of orange known in Europe until after 1500 and now grows cultivated or wild in most subtropical areas of the world. Almost all the parts of this tree are used in extracting essential oils …

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blood-oranges

Blood Orange (Citrus × sinensis)

Blood oranges are believed to have originated from either China or the Southern Mediterranean, where they have been grown since the 18th century. The blood orange has streaks of red in the fruit, and when squeezed the juice is often reddish-orange to orange in color. The oil is extracted by cold pressing the fruit peel. …

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buddhas-hand

Buddha’s Hand (Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis)

Buddha’s Hand, also known as the fingered citron, has an unusual shape with the fruit being segmented into finger-like sections, resembling a human hand. The fruit is thought to have originated in India or China, where most citrus fruits seem to have originated. It is closely related to the lemon. The Buddha’s hand has been …

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Angelica 2

Angelica (Angelica arcangelica)

What is Angelica? The plant is said to originate from Africa and was introduced to Europe in the 16th century. It is considered a native plant of northern and eastern Europe, as well as parts of Asia and the Soviet Union, and is found in Scotland, Holland, Lapland and Germany. In Germany, angelica was historically …

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Basil

Basil (Ocimum basilcum)

What is Basil? Basil is native to India, China, Southeast Asia, and New Guinea. It was originally domesticated in India, having been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years.  Basil has a history of being used for mild nervous disorders and in the form of snuff to alleviate nervous headaches. When the leaves of sweet …

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Pepper

Black Pepper Oil (Piper nigrum)

What is Black Pepper? Black pepper was known in Greece at least as early as the 4th century BCE, though it was probably an uncommon and expensive item that only the very rich could afford. Black pepper, in the early Middle Ages was an item exclusively for the rich but then as time went on …

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